Capabilities and Sensibilities 能力与感知

对于一个创业企业来说,创始人往往扮演着非常重要的角色,特别是在早期阶段。那么作为一位创始人到底哪些东西是最重要的呢?Chris Dixon认为一个团队能否成功,“能力”与“情感感知”两者缺一不可,然而要找到同时具备两者的人实在太难,此时该怎么做呢?

“The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in the mind at the same time, and still retain the ability to function.” – F. Scott Fitzgerald

检验一流智力的标准,就是在头脑中同时存在两种截然相反的想法时仍能保持行动能力”——美国小说家菲兹杰拉德

One reason running a startup is so interesting is the constant tension between opposing ways of thinking: short-term vs. long-term, internal vs. external, saving vs. investment, etc. At large companies, responsibility for these ways of thinking is often spread across multiple business units. In startups they fall on a few people, usually the founders.

创业过程中最有趣的一点莫过于在两种截然相反想法之间保持一种紧张的平衡关系:短期与长期、内部与外部、储蓄与投资等。在大公司,负责这些思考的往往分散到各个部门;然而在创业公司,由于人数有限,因此这往往是创始人不得不思考的事情。

 

As a founder, the most important tension is between your capabilities and sensibilities. Capabilities are your talents and resources. Sensibilities are the way you see the world. Successful founders usually have an unlikely combination of capabilities and sensibilities. The right sensibilities without the right capabilities means a good vision, poorly executed. The right capabilities without the right sensibilities means building something your market doesn’t want. Getting both right creates founder-market fit.

作为一个创始人,最重要的冲突往往在于你“能力”与“情感感知”两者之间。能力是你的聪明才智与拥有的资源,而情感感知则是你认知这个世界的方式。最成功的创始人往往拥有不同寻常的整合“能力”与“情感感知”的能力。拥有正确的感知但是没有适当足够的能力,那么也只是意味着拥有一个好的“远景”(vision),往往在执行时就非常糟糕。而拥有强大的能力却没有正确的情感感知力时,你所做的一切往往是市场不需要的。因此既有“能力”又有“感知力”的人往往能达到“创始人与市场的匹配”(Founder-market fit)效果。

 

There are advantages and disadvantages to being an experienced entrepreneur. Disadvantages include the fact that, with age, you are more likely to have obligations outside of your startup. You also risk having calcified sensibilities. Counterbalancing this is greater self-awareness, and, ideally, the wisdom to choose markets that match your sensibilities and cofounders who augment your capabilities.

作为一位经验丰富的企业家既有优点也有缺陷。其中缺陷包括,随着年龄的增长,你可能把更多义务放在了你创业项目之外。同时,你还可能僵化自己的感知力。对其进行平衡更多的是一种自我意识,理想的情况一般是,你选择与你感知力相符的市场,并找到能将你这种感知力实现的人作为创始伙伴。

或许对于我们大多数人来说,要同时拥有两种能力并且能实现平衡,可能实在太难。此时寻找能力互补的伙伴或许是目前最优的一个办法。